no latin names ... Elizabeth H. Lv 7. Notes on Scientific Names of Plants, Fruits & Vegetables. The tomato plant is unusual in that it has at least three scientific names. Ask your question. Flavr Savr was the first commercially grown genetically engineered food licensed for human consumption.[102]. In addition, a deformity called cat-facing can be caused by pests, temperature stress, or poor soil conditions. ? [61], The devastating tomato hornworm has a major predator in various parasitic wasps, whose larvae devour the hornworm, but whose adult form drinks nectar from tiny-flowered plants like umbellifers. Linkage drag describes the introduction of an undesired trait or allele into a plant during backcrossing. Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) is a fruit, although it is normally used as a vegetable in salads and hot dishes. [82] Tomatoes stored cold tend to lose their flavor permanently. The scientific name for tomato is Solanum lycopersicum. Arkansas took both sides by declaring the South Arkansas Vine Ripe Pink Tomato both the state fruit and the state vegetable in the same law, citing both its culinary and botanical classifications. – Part 1, Vegetable Garden Companion Planting – Plant Tomatoes, Borage, and Squash Together, "Isolation and characterization of rad51 orthologs from, "Curiosities of I-5, facts about King and the benefits of volunteers", The country's only single vine "tomato tree" growing in The Land pavilion at Epcot, "Tomatoes:Safe Methods to Store, Preserve, and Enjoy", "Selecting, Storing and Serving Ohio Tomatoes, HYG-5532-93", Store Tomatoes Stem-End Down to Keep Them from Rotting Too Quickly, "Executive Summary Chaconine and Solanine: 6.0 through 8.0", "A selection of North American tomato related outbreaks from 1990–2005", "CDC Probes Salmonella Outbreak, Health Officials Say Bacteria May Have Spread Through Some Form Of Produce", "Whole food versus supplement: comparing the clinical evidence of tomato intake and lycopene supplementation on cardiovascular risk factors", "A systematic review of dietary, nutritional, and physical activity interventions for the prevention of prostate cancer progression and mortality", "Qualified Health Claims: Letter Regarding "Tomatoes and Prostate, Ovarian, Gastric and Pancreatic Cancers (American Longevity Petition)" (Docket No. Habit: Solanum lycopersicum (tomato); habit. [54] A fertilizer with an NPK ratio of 5–10–10 is often sold as tomato fertilizer or vegetable fertilizer, although manure and compost are also used. [44], Because of the long growing season needed for this heat-loving crop, several states in the US Sun Belt became major tomato-producers, particularly Florida and California. This article is about the plant and the fruit. [20] Scientists are continuing to develop tomatoes with new traits not found in natural crops, such as increased resistance to pests or environmental stresses. The botanical name of tomato is Solanum lycopersicum (= Lycopersicon esculentum) and it belongs to Solanaceae family of the flowering plants. Karthika said: (Fri, Nov 6, 2015 02:19:56 PM IST) Solanum Lycopersicum is the Scientific Name of Tomato. Botanically, a tomato is a fruit—a berry, consisting of the ovary, together with its seeds, of a flowering plant. However, even in areas where the climate supported growing tomatoes, their habit of growing to the ground suggested low status. The tomato was introduced to cultivation in the Middle East by John Barker, British consul in Aleppo circa 1799 to 1825. [48][49], Evidence has been found that 10–20% of the total carbon fixed in the fruit can be produced by photosynthesis in the developing fruit of the normal U phenotype. English name (Hindi names) – Scientific name. [55], A variety of specific cultivars, including Brandywine (biggest red), Black Krim (lower left) and Green Zebra (top left). A-Z sorted by Scientific Names | A-Z sorted by Common Names | A-Z sorted by Family. Ask for details ; Follow Report by AAMIR103H2 08.03.2019 bfe5rouyhgd;irhd8kap Tomato frogs are any of the three species of genus Dyscophus (family Microhylidae): D. antongilii, D. insularis, or D. guineti. [77], Tomato farms in the Netherlands were the most productive in 2012, with a nationwide average of 476 tonnes per hectare, followed by Belgium (463 tonnes per hectare) and Iceland (429 tonnes per hectare). 0 0. xxmadshadowxx. The correct plural spelling is tomatoes. Add your answer and earn points. The vine grew golf ball-sized tomatoes, which were served at Walt Disney World restaurants. Log in. Unripe green tomatoes can also be breaded and fried, used to make salsa, or pickled. K.J. Tomatoes were not grown in England until the 1590s. However, the ripe fruit contains no tomatine. K.J. They were not adopted as a staple of the peasant population because they were not as filling as other fruits already available. Genetic evidence has now shown that Linnaeus was correct to put the tomato in the genus Solanum, making Solanum lycopersicum the correct name. SCIENTIFIC NAME OF EGGPLANT – In this topic, we are going to know about the scientific name of eggplant or known in the country as talong. [13][14][15], For propagation, the seeds need to come from a mature fruit, and be dried or fermented before germination. They are harvested when ripe and are flavorful when picked. isaac225 isaac225 1 minute ago Biology High School What is the scientific name of tomato 1 See answer isaac225 is waiting for your help. [citation needed], The wild ancestor of the tomato is native to western South America. 3. and marketing of vegetable plants and crops. This works because there are sets of international rules about how to name animals and zoologists try to avoid naming the same thing more than once, though this does sometimes happen. [59], Another particularly dreaded disease is curly top, carried by the beet leafhopper, which interrupts the lifecycle. Tomato, also known in the Philippines as kamatis, is a plant with an edible, usually red berry. Common name Amount per acre** REI‡ PHI‡ (Example trade name) (hours) (days) Pesticide precautions Protect water Calculate VOCs Protect bees: Not all registered pesticides are listed. [40], Alexander W. Livingston receives much credit for developing numerous varieties of tomato for both home and commercial gardeners. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). [79][unreliable source?] (2017). [41] The U.S. Department of Agriculture's 1937 yearbook declared that "half of the major varieties were a result of the abilities of the Livingstons to evaluate and perpetuate superior material in the tomato." They are acidic enough to process in a water bath rather than a pressure cooker as most vegetables require. It is derived from the Latin word sol, meaning “sun”, which refers to its status as the sun plant. Common Name(s) Scientific Name Family Reliability Index Biostatus can anyone give me the scientific name of the tomato plant? [25], The Tomato Genetic Resource Center, Germplasm Resources Information Network, AVRDC, and numerous seed banks around the world store seed representing genetic variations of value to modern agriculture. The most common letters are: LB – late blight,[56] V – verticillium wilt, F – fusarium wilt strain I, FF – fusarium wilt strain I and II, N – nematodes, T – tobacco mosaic virus, and A – alternaria. Fertilization leads to the formation of a diploid zygote that can then develop into an embryo within the emerging seed. Hydroponic technique is often used in hostile growing environments, as well as high-density plantings. 1 Answer. Lanini (emeritus), Plant Sciences, UC Davis. DINNER WITH DARWIN: Food, drink, and evolution. large tomatoes, small tomatoes, leaf tomatoes, sweet tomatoes, large serpent tomatoes, nipple-shaped tomatoes,” and tomatoes of all colors from the brightest red to the deepest yellow. [76], The world dedicated 4.8 million hectares in 2012 for tomato cultivation and the total production was about 161.8 million tonnes. Willie Revillame Announces Wowowin Will Launch New Beauty Pageant, Willie Revillame on Ariella Arida’s Sudden Exit From Wowowin: ‘Gusto kong tampalin yan’, BAR Exam Results 2019 Top 1 Mae Diane Azores Shares Inspiring Story, BAR Exam Results 2019 Topnotcher at 10th Place Is From Bacolod City, BAR Exam Results 2019: SC Announces 2,103 Out of 7,685 Examinees Have Passed, BAR Exam Results 2020 Release Date, Full Results & Other Details. Embracing it for this protest connotation, the Dutch Socialist party adopted the tomato as their logo. The name "Rotten Tomatoes" derives from the practice of audiences throwing rotten tomatoes when disapproving of a poor stage performance. The generic name or the initial part of the name highlights the genus to which an organism belongs to. Dyscophus is the only genus in subfamily Dyscophinae.They are endemic to Madagascar. Tomato (Tamatar) – Solanum lycopersicum: 3. esculentum: Common Name: tomato: Family: Solanaceae: Print with name - Print without name Members of the Solanaceae Family (Thumbnails): Capsicum spp. The tomato belongs to the nightshade family, Solanaceae. Rick Tomato Genetics Resource Center at UC Davis is a gene bank of wild relatives, monogenic mutants and miscellaneous genetic stocks of tomato. Comments are closed. [70] The trait of self-fertility became an advantage, and domestic cultivars of tomato have been selected to maximize this trait. Vegetables—Variety. European explorers brought the tomato from the Americas and disseminated it throughout Europe and Asia sometime during the 16th century. The tomato is now grown and eaten around the world. ", "A tomato is actually a fruit — but it's a vegetable at the same time", "Increase in tomato locule number is controlled by two single-nucleotide polymorphisms located near WUSCHEL", "Physiological Changes in Roma-type Tomato Induced by Mechanical Stress at Several Ripeness Stages", "International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants", "Granule-bound starch synthase (GBSSI) gene phylogeny of wild tomatoes (, "International Tomato Genome Sequencing Project", "Tomato Genome Shotgun Sequence Prerelease", "The tomato genome sequence provides insights into fleshy fruit evolution", Tomato genome is sequenced for the first time, "Why Is This Wild, Pea-Sized Tomato So Important? Tomato, (Solanum lycopersicum), flowering plant of the nightshade family , cultivated extensively for its edible fruits. The scientific name of a tomato is Lycopersicon esculentum. Perhaps more important than their role in photosynthesis, the fruit chloroplasts are remodelled during ripening into chlorophyll-free chromoplasts that synthesize and accumulate lycopene, β-carotene, and other metabolites that are sensory and nutritional assets of the ripe fruit. Radish (Muli) – Raphanus sativus [23] The genomes of its mitochondria and chloroplasts are also being sequenced as part of the project. What is the scientific name for tomatoes? Various forms of mildew and blight are common tomato afflictions, which is why tomato cultivars are often marked with a combination of letters that refer to specific disease resistance. Several species of umbellifer are therefore often grown with tomato plants, including parsley, Queen Anne's lace, and occasionally dill. Tomatos is a common misspelling. 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